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What is the black birch mushroom? What are its benefits?

Kas yra juodasis beržo grybas? Kokios jo naudos?

Chaga - black birch mushroom - sunken hole

Chaga has been used for centuries in Siberia and other parts of Asia as a medicine to boost immunity and generally improve health. Although this mushroom does not have an attractive appearance, it is rapidly gaining popularity in the Western world due to its potential health benefits. Chaga the mushroom resembles a woody growth or nodule that looks like a lump of burnt coal, about 25-38 cm in size. However, the orange trama of the mushroom is quite soft.

Did you know that a cup of chaga tea is rich in antioxidants? chaga mushroom (Inonotus obliquus/slanted hole) is a mushroom of the family of aceridae, which usually grows on birch trunks in cold climates such as northern Europe, Siberia, Russia, Korea, northern Canada and Alaska. You can also see the rather unattractive looking fungus on other deciduous trees such as alder and rowan. Black birch has also been used since ancient times to treat diabetes, certain cancers, and heart disease.

Traditionally, chaga was crushed, and infusion and tea were prepared from it. Chaga is low in calories, very high in fiber and rich in antioxidants.

Mushroom picking benefits

Doctors, alternative medicine advocates and scientists are increasingly interested in the potential health benefits of the chaga mushroom. Some research on these mushrooms has already yielded promising results. Chaga mushroom extract can help fight cancer and improve immunity, reduce chronic inflammation, and regulate blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

Black birch mushrooms contain many health-promoting vitamins, minerals and nutrients, including:

• B complex vitamins;

• vitamin D;

• potassium;

• rubidium;

• cesį;

• amino acid;

• fibers;

• copper;

• selenium;

• cinka;

• iron;

• manganese;

• magnesium;

• calcium.

Immunity enhancement and anti-inflammatory properties

Inflammation is actually a natural response of the immune system that can protect against disease. Unfortunately, long-term inflammation can be linked to heart disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Animal studies show that chaga extract can have a positive effect on immunity by reducing long-term inflammation and fighting bacteria and viruses.

By stimulating the production of cytokines, chaga stimulates white blood cells, which are essential in fighting harmful bacteria or viruses. As a result, this mushroom can help fight infections, from minor colds to serious illnesses.

Other animal studies show that chaga can prevent the production of harmful cytokines that cause inflammation.

Protects and fights against cancer

Several animal studies show that chaga can prevent and even slow the growth of cancer. Chaga supplements have been found to be effective in cancer-bearing mice reduced tumor size by 60%.

In test-tube studies, it was observed that black birch mushroom extract prevented the growth of cancer in human liver cells. Similar results were observed with lung, breast, prostate and colon cancer cells.

Chaga's anti-cancer effects are thought to be partly due to its high levels of antioxidants (triterpenes), which protect cells from free radical damage.

Reduces blood sugar and cholesterol levels

Some studies show that chaga helps lower blood sugar levels. And it can help control diabetes.

A study in obese diabetic mice showed that chaga extract reduced blood sugar and insulin resistance compared to non-supplemented diabetic mice.

Not only that, chaga mushroom extract can also affect cholesterol levels, thereby reducing the risk of heart disease. In a two-month study in rats with high cholesterol, chaga mushroom extract reduced "bad" LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, and triglycerides while increasing "good" HDL cholesterol and antioxidants.